The Benefits of eBPF in Kubernetes and Using OpenEBS for Persistence

On November 8, 2023

Brief of the blog

The world of container orchestration has seen significant advancements in recent years, with Kubernetes emerging as the de facto standard for managing containerized applications at scale. In this blog, we will explore the benefits of using eBPF (Extended Berkeley Packet Filter) in Kubernetes and how OpenEBS can provide a solid persistence solution for your applications.

eBPF in Kubernetes

eBPF is a powerful Linux kernel technology that enables secure and high-performance observability, networking, and security features. By leveraging eBPF in Kubernetes, users can achieve several benefits, including:

Enhanced Networking Performance: eBPF enables the implementation of advanced load balancing and traffic shaping techniques, resulting in improved networking performance and reduced latency for containerized applications.

Improved Security: eBPF allows for granular control over network traffic and system calls, providing a robust security layer for your Kubernetes cluster. By monitoring and filtering traffic based on predefined rules, eBPF can help prevent unauthorized access and reduce the attack surface.

Superior Observability: With eBPF, Kubernetes administrators can gain deep insights into the behavior of their applications and infrastructure. eBPF-powered tools can provide real-time metrics, tracing, and profiling, enabling efficient debugging and performance optimization.

OpenEBS for Persistent Storage

As containerized applications continue to gain popularity, the need for persistent storage solutions has become increasingly important. OpenEBS is an open-source, Container Attached Storage (CAS) solution designed specifically for Kubernetes environments. By using OpenEBS, you can enjoy several advantages, such as:

Easy Deployment and Management: OpenEBS is built to work seamlessly with Kubernetes, making it easy to deploy and manage your persistent storage. With native integration, you can use familiar Kubernetes commands and workflows to provision and manage your storage volumes.

Flexible and Scalable: OpenEBS provides a flexible storage solution that can adapt to your application’s needs. It supports multiple storage engines, allowing you to choose the best fit for your use case. Additionally, OpenEBS is highly scalable, letting you expand your storage capacity as your application grows.

Data Protection and High Availability: OpenEBS ensures that your data remains secure and highly available through features like replication, snapshotting, and backup/restore. This allows you to recover quickly from failures and maintain business continuity.

Why Choose OpenEBS for Persisting Application Data?

OpenEBS stands out as an ideal choice for persisting application data in Kubernetes environments due to several reasons:

Cloud-Native Architecture: OpenEBS embraces the cloud-native paradigm, making it a perfect fit for Kubernetes workloads. Its architecture allows for seamless integration with Kubernetes, simplifying storage management and providing a consistent experience across different cloud platforms.

Improved Performance: OpenEBS delivers high performance by leveraging local storage and reducing latency. This ensures that your applications can access their data quickly and efficiently, leading to better overall performance.

Active Open-Source Community: OpenEBS is backed by an active open-source community, with contributions from developers worldwide. This ensures that the project continues to evolve and adapt to the ever-changing landscape of containerization and cloud-native computing.

Architecture of blog

Control plane: The control plane is responsible for managing the overall state of the OpenEBS system, including the configuration of storage policies and the allocation of storage resources.

Data plane: The data plane is responsible for providing data services to applications running on Kubernetes, including provisioning, attaching, and managing the lifecycle of storage volumes.

Storage engines: OpenEBS uses different storage engines, such as Jiva, CStor, and LocalPV, to provide various storage capabilities to the applications.

Operator: The OpenEBS operator is a Kubernetes operator that manages the lifecycle of OpenEBS components, including the deployment and scaling of the control and data planes.

Monitoring and logging: OpenEBS provides various monitoring and logging capabilities, including Prometheus metrics and Grafana dashboards, to help users monitor the performance and health of the system.

APIs and CLIs: OpenEBS provides APIs and CLIs that allow users to interact with the system and manage storage resources.

Integrating OpenEBS with Kubernetes end with POC

• Create a simple stateful application, such as a WordPress blog, that requires persistent storage.

• Install OpenEBS on your Kubernetes cluster using the OpenEBS operator.

• Create a Storage Class that defines the storage policies for your application. For example, you can use the Jiva Storage Class to provide high-availability block storage.

• Create a Persistent Volume Claim (PVC) that requests storage from the Storage Class.

• Use the PVC in your WordPress Deployment to mount the persistent storage.

• Deploy the WordPress application and verify that it is using the persistent storage provided by OpenEBS.

• Test the resiliency of the storage by performing failure scenarios, such as killing a node or a pod, and verifying that the application can recover and continue to use the persistent storage. By following these steps, you can quickly integrate OpenEBS with your Kubernetes cluster and test its functionality using a simple POC.

OpenEBS Use cases

Stateful applications: OpenEBS is ideal for stateful applications, such as databases, message queues, and file servers, that require persistent storage. OpenEBS provides different storage engines, such as Jiva, CStor, and LocalPV, to meet the specific needs of these applications.

DevOps environments: OpenEBS is designed for modern DevOps environments that require scalable, reliable, and flexible storage solutions. OpenEBS provides a Kubernetes-native storage solution that simplifies the management of storage resources and integrates seamlessly with the Kubernetes ecosystem.

Cloud-native applications: OpenEBS is designed for cloud-native applications that run on Kubernetes. OpenEBS provides dynamic, persistent storage that can be provisioned on-demand and can scale with the application workload.

Microservices architectures: OpenEBS is ideal for microservices architectures that require scalable and efficient storage solutions. OpenEBS provides fine-grained control over storage resources, which enables users to optimize storage performance and cost for individual microservices.

Disaster recovery: OpenEBS provides features such as data replication and backup, which enable users to implement disaster recovery solutions for their stateful applications running on Kubernetes.


By combining the power of eBPF in Kubernetes with the robust persistence capabilities of OpenEBS, you can build a high-performance, secure, and scalable containerized environment. With OpenEBS, you can confidently deploy your applications, knowing that your data is protected and highly available. Embrace the future of container orchestration and persistent storage by leveraging eBPF and OpenEBS in your Kubernetes environment.